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KF5JRV > TODAY    12.02.19 13:45l 35 Lines 1737 Bytes #6 (0) @ WW
BID : 31128_KF5JRV
Subj: Today in History - Feb 12
Sent: 190212/1238Z 31128@KF5JRV.#NWAR.AR.USA.NA BPQ6.0.18

On February 12, 1912, Hsian-Tíung, the last emperor of China, is forced
to abdicate following Sun Yat-senís republican revolution. A provisional
government was established in his place, ending 267 years of Manchu rule
in China and 2,000 years of imperial rule. The former emperor, only six
years old, was allowed to keep up his residence in Beijingís Forbidden
City, and he took the name of Henry Pu Yi.

Pu Yi was enthroned as emperor in 1908 after his uncle, the Kuang-hsu
emperor, died. He reigned under a regency and underwent training to
prepare him for his coming rule. However, in October 1911, his dynasty
fell to Sun Yat-senís revolution, and four months later he abdicated.
The new Chinese government granted him a large government pension and
permitted him to live in the imperial palace until 1924, when he was
forced into exile.

After 1925, he lived in Japanese-occupied Tianjin, and in 1932 Japan
created the puppet state of Manchukuo in Manchuria under his rule. In
1934, Henry Pu Yi was enthroned as Kíang Te, emperor of Manchukuo.
Despite guerrilla resistance against his puppet regime, he held the
emperorís title until 1945, when he was captured by Soviet troops.

In 1946, Pu Yi testified before the Tokyo war crimes tribunal that he
had been an unwilling tool of the Japanese and not, as they claimed, an
instrument of Manchurian self-determination. Manchuria and the Rehe
province were returned to China, and in 1950 Pu Yi was handed over to
the Chinese communists. He was imprisoned at Shenyang until 1959, when
Chinese leader Mao Zedong granted him amnesty. After his release, he
worked in a mechanical repair shop in Peking.

73 de Scott KF5JRV


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