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KF5JRV > TODAY    13.12.18 13:30l 41 Lines 2135 Bytes #7 (0) @ WW
BID : 26854_KF5JRV
Subj: Today in History - Dec 13
Sent: 181213/1228Z 26854@KF5JRV.#NWAR.AR.USA.NA BPQ6.0.17

In 1577 English seaman Francis Drake sets out from Plymouth, England,
with five ships and 164 men on a mission to raid Spanish holdings on the
Pacific coast of the New World and explore the Pacific Ocean. Three
years later, Drake’s return to Plymouth marked the first
circumnavigation of the earth by a British explorer.

After crossing the Atlantic, Drake abandoned two of his ships in South
America and then sailed into the Straits of Magellan with the remaining
three. A series of devastating storms besieged his expedition in the
treacherous straits, wrecking one ship and forcing another to return to
England. Only The Golden Hind reached the Pacific Ocean, but Drake
continued undaunted up the western coast of South America, raiding
Spanish settlements and capturing a rich Spanish treasure ship.

Drake then continued up the western coast of North America, searching
for a possible northeast passage back to the Atlantic. Reaching as far
north as present-day Washington before turning back, Drake paused near
San Francisco Bay in June 1579 to repair his ship and prepare for a
journey across the Pacific. Calling the land “Nova Albion,ö Drake
claimed the territory for Queen Elizabeth I.

In July, the expedition set off across the Pacific, visiting several
islands before rounding Africa’s Cape of Good Hope and returning to the
Atlantic Ocean. On September 26, 1580, The Golden Hind returned to
Plymouth, England, bearing treasure, spice, and valuable information
about the world’s great oceans. Drake was the first captain to sail his
own ship all the way around the world–the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand
Magellan had sailed three-fourths of the way around the globe earlier in
the century but had been killed in the Philippines, leaving the Basque
navigator Juan Sebastißn de Elcano to complete the journey.

In 1581, Queen Elizabeth I knighted Drake, the son of a tenant farmer,
during a visit to his ship. The most renowned of the Elizabethan seamen,
Sir Francis Drake later played a crucial role in the defeat of the
Spanish Armada.

73 de Scott KF5JRV


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