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CX2SA  > ARES     21.10.19 14:45l 407 Lines 22186 Bytes #9 (0) @ WW
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Subj: ARES E-Letter October 16, 2019
Sent: 191021/1240Z @:CX2SA.SAL.URY.SOAM #:16390 [Salto] FBB7.00e $:16390_CX2SA

The ARES E-Letter October 16, 2019
Editor: Rick Palm, K1CE

Register Now, Participate in Tomorrow's Great ShakeOut Earthquake Drill
Great ShakeOut earthquake drills are an opportunity to practice how to be
safer during earthquakes: "Drop, Cover and Hold On." ShakeOut also has been
organized to encourage individuals, communities, schools, and organizations
including ARES groups to update emergency plans and supplies, and learn to
secure places for safety.

Register as an individual or ARES group today. Tomorrow, October 17 at 10:17
local time, is the official drill time, but individuals and groups are free
to hold their drill at any time. The drills are organized in each Official
ShakeOut Region by a wide range of local and national partners including
FEMA, the United States Geological Survey, National Science Foundation,
National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program, Central United States
Earthquake Consortium, and others. More information here. Participate!

New Puerto Rico Red Cross/ARES MOU and Emergency Communication Development
Two Years After Historic Storm Devastation
Last week, on October 10, the American Red Cross Puerto Rico Chapter renewed
its Memorandum of Understanding with the ARRL Puerto Rico Section, citing
good experience during recent emergency and disaster responses, especially
to the Hurricanes Irma and Mar¡a events. The first MoU was signed on March
3, 2017. "We cannot forget the help of the Force of Fifty who came as
Amateur Radio volunteers for the Red Cross to help with the coordination of
sending supplies where needed," said Angel Santana, WP3GW, ARRL Puerto Rico
Section Public Information Coordinator.

Santana reported on events over the past two years following the devastation
of the 2017 hurricanes on Puerto Rican lives. Many new Amateur Radio
operators have been licensed, most with a special interest in emergency
communications. A special class and exam session at the University of Puerto
Rico in Mayagüez graduated new amateurs as part of a new program to develop
an emergency communications system. New amateurs also meant more net
participation. Puerto Rico Section Technical Coordinator Carlos Roig,
WP4AOH, has mentored new hams, giving tech training talks on local nets,
providing tips on emergency communication practice, go-kits, antennas,
radios, portable power and answering questions on numerous other topics.

Amateurs in municipal emergency management agencies now run drills/nets
every first Sunday of the month based on the 12 zones of the Puerto Rico
Emergency Management Bureau (PREMB) administration. A faith-based
organization has developed the Radio Communications Emergency Net on the
island of Vieques with Amateur Radio serving as principal resource.

Lastly, the new governor has raised the administration's visibility of
Amateur Radio as an emergency/disaster response communications asset. -
Thanks, Angel Santana, WP3GW, ARRL Puerto Rico Section Public Information

- Register Now, Participate in Tomorrow's Great ShakeOut Earthquake Drill
- New Puerto Rico Red Cross/ARES MOU and Emergency Communication
  Development Two Years After Historic Storm Devastation
- IARU Region 2 Third Emergency Communications Workshop Covers Recent
  Disaster Responses, Plans
- ARES/ACS Supports 2019 Marine Corps Air Station Miramar Air Show,
  Largest in US
- Hawaii ARES Leverages Contest Station and Winlink for 2019 SET
- Post-World War II History of Amateur Emergency Communications:
- Section News
- K1CE for a Final
- ARES Resources
- ARRL Resources

ARES Briefs, Links

The Weather Channel Cites "Old School Tech" Amateur Radio as Storm Resource
(9/30/19) ARRL Seeks Emergency Management Director (9/19/19) Nevada
ARES/RACES Deploys for "Storm Area 51" Event (9/19/19) Mount Diablo ARC
Assists in Restoring Storm Damaged Repeaters (9/17/19)

IARU Region 2 Third Emergency Communications Workshop Covers Recent Disaster
Responses, Plans
The third Region 2 (the Americas) Emergency Communications Workshop (ECW)
was held in Lima, Peru, earlier this month on October 3 immediately
following the 20th General Assembly of IARU Region 2. The IARU is the
International Amateur Radio Union. The ECW was sponsored by the Executive
Committee of IARU Region 2, and hosted by Radio Club Peruano. Region 2
Emergency Coordinators and subject matter experts discussed recent incident
responses with the goal of increasing the capacity of amateurs in IARU
Region 2 to respond to large scale, multinational communication emergencies
and disasters. The ECW provided an opportunity for leaders to network with
the goal of increasing cooperation and collaboration for future responses.
Twenty-three countries from around the globe were represented.

Among the many highlights of the workshop was a presentation on Winlink, the
ever-growing hybrid internet/Amateur Radio email network. For more
information and the workshop input and output documents, please see the
following link on the IARU-R2 Web page:

ARES/ACS Supports 2019 Marine Corps Air Station Miramar Air Show, Largest in
On September 27-29, 2019, over fifty Southern California hams volunteered
500 hours supporting public safety in San Diego, California, at the
three-day MCAS Miramar Air Show, the largest air show in the United States
and the filming location of the 1986 film "Top Gun." Performances by the US
Navy Blue Angels and the British Royal Air Force Red Arrows drew large
crowds that strained anxious public safety services at the annual event.
Working daily 12-hour shifts, ARES operators continuously patrolled the
crowds looking for air show guests in distress with heat exhaustion or lost
family members, while ACS hams liaised with law enforcement agencies and
kept information flowing between agencies. An air show highlight was the
mid-day break at the ARES mobile base camp for hamburgers and hot dogs
expertly grilled by Section Emergency Coordinator Bruce Kripton, KG6IYN,
where hams and law enforcement mingled and relaxed amid the frenzy of
continuous aerial performances and crowded static displays. High noise
levels from low-flying aircraft, amplified by a low marine layer, are of
course a challenge. Hams compared notes about whose noise-cancelling
headphones work best and how to best secure the HT plugs and avoid open
mikes. - Dave Kaltenborn, N8KBC, San Diego, California

Hawaii ARES Leverages Contest Station and Winlink for 2019 SET
ARES operators in Hawaii took the opportunity of the 2019 Simulated
Emergency Test (SET) on October 6 to test Winlink radio messaging to the US
mainland, using the KH6YY (KH6J) contest station on Oahu. One of the premier
contest stations in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, KH6YY offers a
commanding propagation path over an expanse of saltwater.

"You have to start with digital modes somewhere," ARRL Pacific Section
Manager Joe Speroni, AH0A, said, conceding, "We have a long way to go." A
group of radio amateurs has developed a robust Winlink system in the
Hawaiian Islands to help support communication in a natural disaster. The
Amateur Radio email system is well known for its role in emergency and
disaster relief communications, providing the ability for users to exchange
email with attachments, photos, position reporting, weather, and information
bulletins. Winlink was extensively used in the aftermath of high-impact
hurricanes in the Caribbean, as well as following an earthquake in Mexico.

For the SET, the station was configured to receive traffic on 7100 kHz in
PACTOR, WINMOR, ARDOP, and VARA modes. The four-element 40-meter beam was
aimed at Hilo. Simulating an internet outage, the setup was used to pass
received traffic to a second 20-meter gateway on 14.105 MHz and forwarded to
a mainland gateway with internet access. Incoming message traffic on 40
meters would be automatically forwarded to the mainland on 20 meters. Most
of the traffic went to gateways in Mexico and Texas for forwarding to the
internet. One user reported receiving email confirmation that a message was
received within minutes. -- Thanks to Stacy Holbrook, KH6OWL, Rick
Lindquist, WW1ME, ARRL news desk

Post-World War II History of Amateur Emergency Communications: Organization
A brief history of emergency communications by radio amateurs prior to WWII
was summarized in last month's issue. Let's start this month's article where
we left off. In sum, more organization was brought to bear: ARRL had
established its ARRL Emergency Corps (AEC) prior to the war, in 1935, and
after radio amateurs were reactivated post-war, the name was changed to the
Amateur Radio Emergency Corps (AREC) with the addition of program-related
appointees made by the Section Communications Manager (today's Section
Manager) at the local and Section levels, with ARRL HQ making appointments
at the national level. The staff at HQ resisted the title "National
Emergency Coordinator," and rather than a national
manager/supervisor/administrator, saw their role more as advisor, to develop
the basic principles of organization to allow the program to flower under
the true, key leader - the Emergency Coordinator - who knew all of the
parties to the program, where the rubber meets the road. The Section
Emergency Coordinator's job was to work with the local ECs to formulate a
Section or statewide plan, much like it still is today, some 70 years later!
ARRL HQ staff's job was to try to tie all of the state plans together into a
national plan for major disasters, issuing information bulletins, presenting
ideas and advice for organizing local and section programs, etc.

With the end of WWII (during which a new War Emergency Radio Service took
six months to organize) and the commencement of the Cold War era, discussion
with the Federal government centered on placing the Amateur Radio service as
the focal point for civil defense communications and a faster response in
the event the President invoked the War Powers Act and radio amateurs were
ordered off the air (although this has never happened in the four wars
prosecuted since 1952). While an initial hope was for AREC to assume this
responsibility, perhaps for reasons of national security the new service
would be a Federal program regulated by the FCC and overseen by the new
Federal Civil Defense administration. The ARRL was to serve as an advisory
body, and provide the radio amateurs, many from AREC groups. The Radio
Amateur Civil Emergency Service (RACES) would be administered at the local
level by the local Civil Defense agency, the precursor to today's local
Emergency Management (EM) office and EOC. The goal was to keep the public
safe in the event of enemy attack: RACES operators would remain active even
if regular amateur and other services were shut down in wartime, but with
restrictive frequencies and other regulation in the interest of security.
ARRL HQ staff worked regularly with the staff of the Federal Civil Defense
Agency's working staff. Commercial telecommunications companies attempted to
usurp the program's mission, but the government recognized the benefit of
using Amateur Radio. ARRL staffers became quasi-professional managers,
having attended civil defense staff college.

Next month: The Amateur Radio Public Service Corps

Section News
Arizona ARES Convention in the Works

Planning is underway for the ARRL Arizona Amateur Radio Emergency Services
Convention in response to the recent visitation to the Coconino EOC by
Governor Doug Ducey as well as other excellent media coverage of Arizona
ARES successes in emergency events recently. The event would showcase
activities, hardware, and capabilities being used and shared in the state.
In conjunction with the event, a hamfest would also be held. Two months ago,
ARES personnel held a meeting with leaders of the Coconino ARC and the
Northern Arizona DX Association to discuss plans and venues that might be
pursued. ARES leaders will continue to develop the concept and have as a
goal to formalize the event as a State Convention, or perhaps a Division
Convention during the July/August 2020 time frame. Monthly planning meetings
are currently in progress.

Orange Section (Southern California) ARES

On June 19 of this year, Placer County (California) ARES participated in a
Mass Casualty Incident (MCI) exercise at Sutter Roseville Medical Center
(SRMC). The exercise scenario was a drone strike on a Black Hawk Helicopter
landing on the SRMC helipad causing it to crash and start a fire. There were
nine "victims" with varying degrees of injuries. Placer Count ARES was
located at the Emergency Department and at the incident scene. The ARES
operators relayed "victim" injury information from the scene to the
emergency department, so the emergency department could be properly prepared
to treat the injuries. The exercise was a great success. -- Carl First,
N6CKV, Placer County ARES EC

Ohio Sheriff Observes and Participates in ARES Simulated Emergency Test

In Greene County, Ohio, one public official not only observed the ARES
Simulated Emergency Test (SET) this month but participated in it with Greene
County ARES (GCARES). Greene County Sheriff Gene Fischer, KX8GCS checked in
when the Resource Net Control, Bob Baker, N8ADO, of Beavercreek, called for
volunteers. Although the suggested scenario called for only using simplex,
GCARES used the Xenia Amateur Radio Weather Net (XWARN) repeater to reach
out for as many volunteers as possible. Net volunteers then switched to a
simplex tactical net to communicate with the GCARES Command Center.

Before the SET, Fischer let Greene County ARES Emergency Coordinator Henry
Ruminski, W8HJR, know that he planned to participate in the SET to determine
how well his handheld radio would perform in an emergency situation. While
he found it okay for getting into the resource net, it was less than
adequate for effective simplex operation.

Sheriff Fischer had an intense introduction to ham radio in the spring of
2017 when the Dayton Hamvention © moved to Xenia, and his department dealt
with traffic control and other issues created by the influx of more than
25,000 visitors.

At the urging of several hams, Fischer subsequently got his license, and his
wife became re-licensed. Fischer has since upgraded to General.

Ruminski said the SET was "relatively successful." Signals could have been
better from some locations, but most stations were able to communicate with
command, he said. Lessons learned will be used to improve future emergency
communication plans.

Wisconsin ARES/RACES Conference This Saturday

The 2019 Wisconsin ARES/RACES Conference is being held at the McMillan
Memorial Library in Wisconsin Rapids this Saturday, October 19. The
conference is free but registration is required to attend. Registration is
now open. Programs include: WECOMM network; Strategic National Stockpile
(SNS) -- What it is and the role of ARES/RACES in the distribution of the
SNS in Wisconsin; Digital 101, Infrastructure to User; System Fusion
II/Wires-X; Hotspot Types - How to get on the digital voice mode; Using DMR;
Winlink; D-RATS; Credentialing ARES Connect; and First Net overview -- how
it relates to ARES/RACES.

The Wisconsin SIMCOM2019 was held in Waukesha on May 1-3 this year. The
event is an annual test of communications interoperability between federal,
state, local government, the private sector, and non-government
organizations. Amateur Radio was one of the training tracks and state
ARES/RACES communicators were encouraged to attend. SIMCOM is conducted
under the incident command system (ICS). Wisconsin ARES/RACES stations were
active both on and off site supporting served agency partners with formal
and informal message traffic locally, statewide, and within FEMA Region V. A
net control station tasked ARES/RACES units in each of the four divisions to
receive messages from and send messages to other units within their division
and to other divisions and locations. Messages could be formal or informal
and be sent by voice, CW, or Winlink. ARES/RACES visited with their public
safety and military platform counterparts, originated voice and Winlink
message traffic with other SIMCOM divisions via SIMCOM frequencies (listed
in the Amateur Radio ICS-205). Other stations within Wisconsin and FEMA
Region V sent messages via the National Traffic System. Operators were
encouraged to bring mesh networking gear to add connectivity capabilities.
The mesh system deployed was the AREDN Project design.

K1CE for a Final
I enjoyed my visit to the ARRL Florida State Convention in Melbourne this
past weekend and attended the ARES meeting in the afternoon on Saturday.
Florida has three ARRL Sections: Northern Florida, West Central Florida and
Southern Florida. All three Section Emergency Copordinators -- Ben Henley,
KI4IGX (West Central Florida), Karl Martin, K4HBN (Northern Florida), and
John Wells, W4CMH (Southern Florida) -- were present and discussed the work
of meeting the state EOC's request for a single Amateur Radio point of
contact for the entire state for purposes of efficiency and effectiveness in
utilization of ARES operators available for deployment and other services. A
flow chart for handling requests for operators from the state and other
served agencies is in the final stages of drafting and should be published
soon. A number of issues involving credentialing and background checks were
discussed, and questions were answered. Florida is one of the most
vulnerable states to natural and manmade disaster, and I was pleased to
learn of the serious work performed by the state with the amateur community
for coordination of mitigation, response and recovery communication services.

Section and Division leadership were also in attendance and supportive of
the plan. The Southern Florida Assistant Section Manager, Jeff Beals, WA4AW,
represented the host Section and provided great hospitality, along with West
Central Florida Section Manager Darrell Davis, KT4WX, and Northern Florida
Section Manager Kevin Bess, KK4BFN.


Last month, I discussed DeSoto's classic book of the early history of radio,
Amateur Radio and emergency communications: 200 Meters and Down - The Story
of Amateur Radio. I learned about the pioneers of radio physics, development
and application. I learned that 1908-12 was perhaps the most significant
turning point in the history of Amateur Radio as the modern view of the
radio amateur was evolved: radio amateurs turned from a concentration of
experimentation to become communicators and message handlers with the
development of more efficient receivers with tuners and transmitters, the
emergence of practical radiotelephony and the beginning of the golden age of
Amateur Radio clubs and societies at colleges and everywhere else. I highly
recommend this book to all: You can purchase it in the ARRL Store here.


ARES Resources
ú Download the ARES Manual [PDF]

ú ARES Field Resources Manual [PDF]

ú ARES Standardized Training Plan Task Book [Fillable PDF]

ú ARES Standardized Training Plan Task Book [Word]

ú ARES Plan

ú ARES Group Registration

ú Emergency Communications Training

The Amateur Radio Emergency Service© (ARES) consists of licensed amateurs
who have voluntarily registered their qualifications and equipment, with
their local ARES leadership, for communications duty in the public service
when disaster strikes. Every licensed amateur, regardless of membership in
ARRL or any other local or national organization is eligible to apply for
membership in ARES. Training may be required or desired to participate fully
in ARES. Please inquire at the local level for specific information. Because
ARES is an Amateur Radio program, only licensed radio amateurs are eligible
for membership. The possession of emergency-powered equipment is desirable,
but is not a requirement for membership.

How to Get Involved in ARES: Fill out the ARES Registration form and submit
it to your local Emergency Coordinator.

ARRL Resources
Join or Renew Today! ARRL membership includes QST, Amateur Radio's most
popular and informative journal, delivered to your mailbox each month.

Subscribe to NCJ -- the National Contest Journal. Published bi-monthly,
features articles by top contesters, letters, hints, statistics, scores, NA
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The ARES E-Letter is published on the third Wednesday of each month. ARRL
members may subscribe at no cost or unsubscribe by editing their Member Data
Page as described at

Copyright ¸ 2019 American Radio Relay League, Incorporated. Use and
distribution of this publication, or any portion thereof, is permitted for
non-commercial or educational purposes, with attribution. All other purposes
require written permission.

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